Complications Caused by Testicular Varicoceles

Complications Caused by Testicular Varicoceles


When Should You See a Doctor

Some men may notice pain, others may exhibit no symptoms. Having varicoceles does not necessarily mean that you must undergo surgery or treatment. However, in case of increased risk of infertility or pain that affects your daily life, you should consider consulting with a doctor to determine a suitable treatment option.


In most cases, people do not know what varicoceles are—much less the discomforts and complications that come with it. Leaving a severe case of testicular varicoceles untreated can impact one’s infertility and testosterone levels. In some cases, it can also result in testicular atrophy.


Did you know that close to 85% of men don't have any noticeable symptoms when they have testicular varicoceles? Lack of symptoms does not rule out complications connected to varicoceles, though. Having a clear picture of the complications associated with varicocele will give you the confidence to visit your physician for medical advice. This is followed by taking appropriate action to select the best treatment option for you.


Varicocele complications are grouped into three major types:


●     Limited fertility or complete infertility

●     Low testosterone

●     Testicular atrophy


Let’s take a closer look at these varicocele complications.


Infertility or Poor Fertility

After observing complications associated with varicocele over a duration of time, doctors have noticed a correlation between the condition and low fertility or infertility. According to statistics, out of every ten infertile men, four have varicoceles.


Low Testosterone

One of the major functions of the testicles is the production of the testosterone hormone, which can be adversely hindered by varicocele in some men.


Low levels of testosterone production can lead to abnormalities such as:


●     Erectile dysfunction

●     Lack of interest in sex, low libido

●     Low energy or lack of motivation

●     Negativity and irritability

●     Inconsistent sleeping patterns

●     Difficulty concentrating

●     Physical side effects such as muscle weakness


Testicular Atrophy

Depending on the severity of the condition, varicoceles can potentially lead to the shrinkage of the testicles. The accumulation of blood inside the affected veins increases pressure, which then leads to higher exposure to toxic elements. Consequently, this can potentially harm the testicles leading to atrophy.


How to Get Rid of Varicoceles

If you feel like the symptoms or complications described above are similar to what you have been experiencing, it’s advisable to seek advice from your doctor.


Having a proper varicocele treatment has additional benefits, including:


●     Easing circulation

●     Eliminating damaged or abnormal veins

●     Boosting fertility

●     Reducing or fully eliminating discomfort and pain


The procedure is minimally invasive and is termed varicocele embolization. More like a surgical ligation, embolization is very effective when it comes to boosting fertility levels in men dealing with varicoceles.


The varicocele procedure is conducted by an interventional radiologist on an outpatient basis. After the procedure, the veins in question are sealed off, allowing the blood to flow through other healthier veins. This restores proper circulation.



There are very effective treatment options available to fix or mitigate issues caused by testicular varicoceles. If you are experiencing symptoms of this condition, or vascular issues in general make an appointment with us at the Georgia Vascular Institute to learn how we can help you get back to living life the way you want.